The judge at the court in Varanasi — Hinduism’s holiest city and the site of the historic Gyanvapi mosque — ruled that Muslim gatherings there should be limited to 20 people, lawyer H. S. Jain said.
The court ordered the survey of the mosque after five women — represented by Jain — sought permission to perform Hindu rituals in one part of it, saying a Hindu temple once stood on the site.
The Gyanvapi mosque, located in the constituency of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is one of several mosques in northern Uttar Pradesh that Hindu hardliners believe — in common with some other religious sites — was built on top of demolished Hindu temples.
Police said the court order would help maintain law and order at a time when hardline Hindu groups tied to Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) had stepped up demands to excavate inside some mosques and to permit searches in the Taj Mahal mausoleum.
Leaders of India’s 200 million Muslims view such moves as attempts to undermine their rights to free worship and religious expression, with the BJP’s tacit agreement.
Uttar Pradesh deputy chief minister Keshav Prasad Maurya, a BJP member, told Reuters‘ local TV partner ANI that the government welcomed the court order “and we will implement it”.
In 2019, the Supreme Court allowed Hindus to build a temple at the site of the disputed 16th century Babri mosque that was demolished by Hindu crowds in 1992 who believed it was built where Hindu Lord Ram was born.
The incident led to religious riots that killed nearly 2,000 people, mostly Muslims, across India.